Sutter County Dialogue on Public Libraries
In partnership with the Sutter County Library, the Aspen Institute Dialogue on Public Libraries convened a countywide, multi-stakeholder forum on public libraries in Yuba City, California, on November 16-17, 2016. The Sutter County Dialogue on Public Libraries was designed to address the strategic opportunities presented by the changing role of public libraries and to showcase models through which civic, government, business, education, and other community leaders working together can leverage libraries as platforms for building more knowledgeable, healthy, and sustainable communities.
About Sutter County, California
Community Type: Rural county
Population: 96,463 (2010 US Census)
Sutter County is located in Northern California just north of Sacramento along state route 99. Two-thirds of Sutter County’s 96,463 residents live in Yuba City, the county seat, which has its own municipal government. Other people have settled in and around the City of Live Oak (population around 8,488) or smaller towns and unincorporated areas of the county.
According to US Census data, residents have a median age of 34.5%, median household income of $52,000, and educational attainment is 78.5% of county adults are high school graduates or higher. 17.5% of individuals have incomes below the poverty level. There is a sizeable foreign born population of 22.5%. The racial and ethnic composition of the county is: White 50.4%, Black or African American 2%, Asian 14.4%, Hispanic or Latino 28.8%, American Indian or Alaskan Native 1.4% and Other 5.9%.
At 8%, unemployment is higher than the state and national averages. Agriculture has long been the economic engine driving Sutter County’s economy, followed by government, healthcare and retail as key economic drivers. Like other rural counties across the country, agriculture is no longer sufficient to attract and sustain young people and young families, creating a “brain drain” in Sutter County. With Sacramento relatively close (46 miles to the south of Yuba City), there are a number of people who live in Sutter County and work in Sacramento, and others who commute still farther into the Bay Area; Sutter County can be seen as a budding “bedroom community” for workers in these larger economic hubs.
Sutter County is a slow growth county and its recovery from the Great Recession has lagged that of its larger neighbors. While the unemployment rate has been falling, the poverty rate has been increasing. Sutter County’s high school graduation rate is above the statewide average in California, but the county’s adult working population is below the state average for educational attainment (high school diploma or GED earned). Many languages are spoken by the people of Sutter County. One of the distinguishing features of the county is its large Sikh population. The Punjabi population in Sutter County is one of the largest outside of the Punjab state in India.) There is also a small but growing Afghan community.
The Sutter County Library is a department of county government. It provides library services to all residents of Yuba City and Sutter County through four branches: a main branch in Yuba City and three branches in the rural communities of Live Oak (Barber Branch), Rio Oso (Browns Branch), and Sutter (Sutter Branch). The library is led by Library Director James Ochsner and a small, dedicated staff with additional volunteers. Ochsner is currently the only staff member with a Master’s of Library Information Science (MLIS) degree. As a department of county government, the library’s funding comes primarily from county general revenues. Currently, the Sutter County Library has a small but active Friends group that supports the library in many ways, including the management of used book sales at the library. In January 2016, the library entered the era of high-speed broadband when it connected to the state’s CENIC (Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California) network. This service has enabled the library to offer a more robust online platform and to think about new opportunities and innovations that can be created for residents now that the library is equipped with a gigabit of bandwidth.
Sutter County Dialogue Format
The Sutter County Dialogue included a series of community engagement workshops, a survey of library use and satisfaction, an evening program featuring a keynote presentation, and a one-day moderated leadership roundtable.
Community Engagement Workshops and Library Survey: The Sutter County Library conducted a series of community planning workshops prior to the November Dialogue event and augmented these workshops with a paper and online-based survey of library users. The goal of both the workshops and the survey was to engage county residents more broadly and hear directly from them about their aspirations, priorities, and goals for the county. The library developed the workshops in consultation with the Aspen Institute and drew from Sacramento Public Library for assistance with skilled facilitation. A total of four workshops were held from late September through early November, three at Sutter County Library’s main branch in Yuba City and one at the Community Memorial Museum of Sutter County. Each workshop sought to engage a different segment of the population, including youth, a racially and ethnically diverse group of residents, residents with deep roots in the community and residents highly engaged with Sutter County’s cultural institutions. Participants were asked to explore and discuss the current strengths of the Sutter County library, the opportunities they see for the library in the near-term future, the aspirations they have for Sutter County as a whole, and what the results would look like if the library and county achieved these goals. The survey, available at the library in October 2016 and promoted through the library’s Facebook page, provided a look at how community members use the library, what resources and programs they find most valuable, and the types of programs and services community members consider most important for the library to provide in the future.
Public Program: The Dialogue began with a public program at Boyd Hall (a public auditorium operated by the Sutter County schools) on a Wednesday evening from 5:30-7:00 pm that was open to the public and featured a keynote speaker and Q&A among participants and the audience. The keynote speaker was Norman Jacknis, PhD, a technologist with deep experience in local government and libraries who currently serves as an adjunct professor at Columbia University in New York, as president of the Metro New York Library Council, and as a senior fellow at the Intelligent Community Forum where he has led the forum’s Rural Imperative, working with communities to develop future-oriented economic growth strategies. In his keynote presentation to the Sutter County Dialogue, Jacknis presented seven trends in technology that are opening up corresponding opportunities for communities and their libraries. He emphasized that libraries do not exist in isolation from the rest of the world and they need to lay the foundation now for where they need to be in the future. The purpose of the public program was to lay a foundation for discussion of opportunities and aspirations at the leadership roundtable the next day by bring in new ideas from an expert on technology and rural communities.
Leadership Roundtable: The following day, 24 leaders from across the county and the state addressed four key questions:
- What kind of community do we want?
- What changes are necessary to make this vision a reality?
- How can the Sutter County Library help to bring about this transition and achieve this vision?
- How can other stakeholders in the community engage and collaborate with the library to transform the library and strengthen the community, now and in the years ahead?
The agenda included two morning sessions of open dialogue in plenary session: the first session on Library Alignment with Community Goals and the second session probing more deeply the Library as a Platform for Innovation and Community Development. The results of the Community Engagement Workshop sand Survey were presented at the start of the morning discussion. After lunch, the afternoon began with a break-out session with participants divided into three groups of eight (participants assigned for a mix of sectors and experience in each group) for small group discussion. Following the small group discussions, each group reported back their recommendations in plenary. The final session of the day was spent refining and developing the recommendations and a plan for moving forward.
Break-out Sessions: The break-out groups focused on three sets of issues that were identified as priorities for the County: Youth and Education, Economic and Workforce Development, Civic and Social Development. Participants were asked to draw from the morning discussion and trends identified in the keynote “to identify 1-2 opportunities (proposals) to strengthen the healthy and vitality of the community in the assigned area.” Each group was to answer the following questions:
- What trends could work in your favor?
- What kind of change is needed to make this happen? Consider what assets already exist in the community and how they may be used in new ways.
- What role could the library play in bringing about the change?
- Who needs to be involved to make it happen?
- What key results would be achieved? How would you measure success?
Participants in the Leadership Roundtable
Joaquin Alvarado, Chief Executive Officer, The Center for Investigative Reporting (San Francisco, California)
Rinky Basi, Director, Sutter County One Stop
Michele Blake, Director, Sutter County Children & Families Commission
Curtis R. Coad, Interim County Administrator, Sutter County Government Office
Tammy Cronin, Project Leader, Valley Vision (Sacramento, California)
Baljinder Dhillon, Superintendent, Sutter County Superintendent of Schools
Dan Flores, Supervisor, Sutter County Board of Supervisors
Darin Gale, Economic Growth & Public Affairs , City of Yuba City
Ernest Garcia, President, North Valley Hispanic Chamber of Commerce
Amy Garmer, Director, Dialogue on Public Libraries, The Aspen Institute
Dominique Harrison, Project Manager, Communications & Society Program, The Aspen Institute
Susan Hildreth, Professor of Practice, University of Washington Information School (Seattle, Washington)
Jessica Hougen, Sutter County Museum Director, Community Memorial Museum of Sutter County
Norman Jacknis, President, Metropolitan New York Library Council and Adjunct Professor, Columbia University (New York, New York)
Miles Johnson, Consultant, Miles and Associates, The Planning Company
Jean Jordan, County Counsel, Sutter County Government Office
Steve Kroeger, City Manager, City of Yuba City
Brett Lear, Library Director, Sonoma County Library (Santa Rosa, California)
Greg Lucas, State Librarian of California, California State Library (Sacramento, California)
Ben Moody, President, Sutter Youth Organization
James Ochsner, Director of Library Services, Sutter County Library
Nancy O'Hara, Director, Health and Human Services for Sutter County
Todd Retzloff, County Assessor, Sutter County Government Office
Rivkah Sass, Executive Director, Sacramento Public Library (Sacramento, California)
Rikki Shaffer, Chief Executive Officer, Yuba-Sutter Chamber of Commerce
Linda Baker, Board Member, Friends of Sutter County Library
Kristin Belden, Chief of Staff, The Center for Investigative Reporting
Cole Goins, Senior Manager, Engagement and Community Collaborations, The Center for Investigative Reporting
Shirley Shimizu, Library Supporter
Angie Thoo, Instructional Aide, Andros Karperos School
Overview of Key Issues & Themes
See Sutter County Rising to the Challenge, the Report of the Sutter County Dialogue on Public Libraries for complete report.
The themes of the keynote presentation – new technology, laying the foundation for the future, and placing the library at the table with other community organizations—set the tone for thinking about how these trends and opportunities apply to the issues of concern and priorities of Sutter County residents.
After identifying goals and priorities for the community (questions 1 & 2 noted above), participants identified the following roles, attributes and functions for the Sutter County Library, some of which the library already performs and provides, and others that will require adaptation, transformation and new competencies at the library:
- A source for information on human capital in the community.
- A partner with schools and parents in education.
- A hub for workforce development and college and career readiness.
- An access point for higher education and center for lifelong learning.
- A safe and trusted “third place” for youth.
- Filling technology gaps in the community.
- Connecting people to resources to live healthier lives.
- Ensuring equity in access.
- An innovation center in the community.
The following are the key recommendations made by the leadership roundtable:
Recommendation #1: Maximize space in the library.
Recommendation #2: Create new library spaces in the community.
Recommendation #3: Use technology to expand the library’s assets and the reach of educational programs on a broad spectrum of topics.
Recommendation #4: Develop partnerships with the workforce development sector.
Recommendation #5: Partner with social service organizations to improve community outreach to target populations and embed service providers in the library.
Recommendation #6: Use the Sutter County Library 100th anniversary year to launch new community engagement initiatives and plan for the future.
Since the Sutter County Library Dialogue on Public Libraries took place in November 2016, the Sutter County Library has moved forward to advance some of the recommendations in this report. New initiatives with the library and other community partners are in various stages of development.
- Recommendation #6 in the report was to take advantage of the library’s 100th year anniversary. The Sutter County Library in partnership with the Friends of the Sutter County Library developed a steering committee to plan and execute the events and programs surrounding the anniversary. The celebration took place on May 26, 2017.
- Leaders at the Sutter County Public Schools and Sutter County Library have met to discuss library support of a grant for which the school system plans to apply.
- One Stop director has met with library staff several times and the library has hosted a couple of One Stop workshops.
- A fairly new focus of the library’s Workforce Investment Opportunities Act (WIOA) Title II Adult Literacy Grant is on workforce development. This has opened up opportunities to work with the local superintendent of schools adult education coordinators and the Local Workforce Development Board.
- A planning committee was formed to move along projects such as the Museum exhibit opening and a 100 year anniversary celebration planned for October 14. This committee was instrumental in developing the new logo.
- The library’s Live Oak Branch received an exterior face lift, with the interior to be worked on in the coming fiscal year.
- The Library became an outlet for the sale of Yuba Sutter Transit bus passes.
Materials and Document Database